|Largest city||Tel Aviv|
|Other cities||Bene Beraq, Giv'atayim, Ramat Gan,|
Bat Yam, Holon, Ra'anana,
Petah Tiqwa, Rishon LeZiyyon, Tayibe,
Netanya, Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, Ashdod
|Population||Ranked 1st in Israel|
|- Total||3,206,400 (2009 est.)|
The Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area (Hebrew: מטרופולין תל אביב), or Gush Dan (Hebrew: גוש דן), is a metropolitan area including areas from both the Tel Aviv and the Central Districts of Israel. The area is closely linked to the city of Tel Aviv through social, economic, and cultural ties. It is located along the Israeli Mediterranean coastline. The Tel Aviv metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in Israel and consists an estimated population of over 3 million.
Israel Central Bureau of Statistics divides the Tel Aviv metropolitan area into four:
|Metropolitan ring||Localities||Population (2009 census)||Population density
|Total||Jews and others1||Thereof: Jews||Arabs|
- 1 The population of "Jews and others" includes Jews, non-Arab Christians and those not classified by religion.
- 2 The core area includes the city of Tel Aviv.
- 3 The inner ring includes the cities Bat Yam, Holon, Ramat HaSharon, Ramat Gan, Giv'atayim, Bnei Brak, Herzliya, Or Yehuda, Giv'at Shmuel and Kiryat Ono, as well as a multitude of smaller towns (local councils).
- 4 The middle ring includes the cities Petah Tikva, Ra'anana, Rishon LeZion, Hod HaSharon, Kfar Sava, Yehud, Ramla, Lod, Rosh HaAyin, Ness Ziona and Rehovot, as well as many smaller towns (local councils).
- 5 The outer ring includes the cities Tayibe, Netanya, Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, Ashdod , as well as many smaller towns (local councils).
The name Gush Dan means "Dan Bloc", and is so named because the area was the territory of the tribe of Dan in the ancient Kingdom of Israel. According to the biblical narrative, the tribe had originally tried to settle in the central coastal area of Canaan, but due to enmity with the Philistines who had already settled there, were only able to camp in the hill country overlooking the Sorek Valley. The camp location became known as Mahaneh Dan ("Camps of Dan"). The region they attempted to settle included the area as far north as Joppa and as far south as Shephelah in the area of Timnah. As a result of the pressure from the Philistines, the tribe abandoned hopes of settling near the central coast, instead migrating to the north of the country. After conquering Laish, the tribe refounded it as their capital and renamed it Dan. As a result, the region is referred to as Gush Dan.
|This section requires expansion.|
The Dan Bus Company is primarily focused on serving the Gush Dan, although it is being replaced by the Kavim company in many of the Gush Dan's cities. Much of Israel's national highway network feeds into the area, such as Highway 1, Highway 2, Highway 4, and Highway 5. Gush Dan is also served by the local Ayalon Highway. Israel Railways, the state owned, national rail network provider, also feeds most traffic into or within the Gush Dan region. The Tel Aviv Light Rail, currently under construction, will also be a major feature in the regions future transport, as will thehigh speed service to Jerusalem
Some of the major freeways/expressways carrying commuter traffic in and out of the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area are:
- Highway 20 (also called Ayalon Freeway) - a major intracity freeway in Gush Dan, which runs along Tel Aviv's center eastern border from north to south.
- Highway 1 - connects Tel Aviv with Jerusalem.
- Highway 2 (also called The Coastal Highway) - stretches from Tel Aviv to Haifa. It is one of the busiest highways in Israel.
- Highway 4 (also called Geha Highway, or First President Road - a major North-South highway connecting Ra'anana and Kfar Saba in the North to Petah Tiqva and Ramat Gan in the centre and Ashdod in the South.
- Highway 5 - connects the Mediterranean coast immediately north of Tel Aviv with the central Sharon plain and Ariel and other Israeli settlements in the northern West Bank.
- Highway 44 - connects Tel Aviv with Ramla, Lod and the Shefela.
- Highway 6 - a new North-South tollway running east of Gush Dan from Galilee in the north to Beer Sheva in the south.
- List of cities in Israel
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