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Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area
Bat YamHolonAzorRamat GanOr YehudaKiryat OnoBnei BrakRamat HaSharonHerzliyaKfar ShmaryahuGivatayimTel Aviv-YafoNetanyaPetah TiqwaRishon LezionRehovotAshdodMap of the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area / Gush Dan
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Common name: Gush Dan

Largest city Tel Aviv
Other cities Bene Beraq, Giv'atayim, Ramat Gan,
Bat Yam, Holon, Ra'anana,
Petah Tiqwa, Rishon LeZiyyon, Tayibe,
Netanya, Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, Ashdod
Population  Ranked 1st in Israel
 - Total 3,206,400 (2009 est.)
 - Density 2,119.7/km²

Tel Aviv is the second largest city in Israel, the centre of the largest metropolitan area in Israel and the largest Jewish metropolitan area in the world.

Northern, and Central Gush Dan from Above




The Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area[1] (Hebrew: מטרופולין תל אביב‎), or Gush Dan (Hebrew: גוש דן‎), is a metropolitan area including areas from both the Tel Aviv and the Central Districts of Israel. The area is closely linked to the city of Tel Aviv through social, economic, and cultural ties. It is located along the Israeli Mediterranean coastline. The Tel Aviv metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in Israel and consists an estimated population of over 3 million.

Metropolitan rings

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics divides the Tel Aviv metropolitan area into four:

Metropolitan rings in the Tel Aviv metropolitan area[2]
Metropolitan ring Localities Population (2009 census) Population density
(per km²)
Annual Population
growth rate
Total Jews and others1 Thereof: Jews Arabs
Core2 1 392,500 375,100 358,600 17,300 7,576.6 0.6%
Inner Ring3 13 834,600 833,600 787,900 1,000 6,931.7 1.0%
  Northern Section 4 125,100 125,000 121,500 100 2,936.9 1.0%
  Eastern Section 5 398,800 398,600 388,100 200 9,921.1 1.3%
  Southern Section 4 310,600 310,000 278,300 700 8,261.5 0.5%
Middle Ring4 31 1,004,400 971,400 923,300 33,000 3,452.6 1.7%
  Northern Section 6 205,200 205,000 199,400 200 3,922.9 1.3%
  Eastern Section 8 258,500 258,400 243,000 100 3,790.0 2.5%
  Southern Section 17 540,700 508,000 480,800 32,700 3,175.0 1.5%
Outer Ring5 206 975,100 863,400 826,400 111,600 929.0 2.6%
  Northern Section 95 406,300 324,600 311,200 81,600 1,051.2 2.2%
  Eastern Section 47 225,400 195,800 193,900 29,600 802.0 3.9%
  Southern Section 64 343,300 343,000 321,300 400 898.8 2.2%
Total 251 3,206,400 3,043,500 2,896,200 163,000 2,119.7 1.7%


  • 1 The population of "Jews and others" includes Jews, non-Arab Christians and those not classified by religion.
  • 2 The core area includes the city of Tel Aviv.
  • 3 The inner ring includes the cities Bat Yam, Holon, Ramat HaSharon, Ramat Gan, Giv'atayim, Bnei Brak, Herzliya, Or Yehuda, Giv'at Shmuel and Kiryat Ono, as well as a multitude of smaller towns (local councils).
  • 4 The middle ring includes the cities Petah Tikva, Ra'anana, Rishon LeZion, Hod HaSharon, Kfar Sava, Yehud, Ramla, Lod, Rosh HaAyin, Ness Ziona and Rehovot, as well as many smaller towns (local councils).
  • 5 The outer ring includes the cities Tayibe, Netanya, Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut, Ashdod , as well as many smaller towns (local councils).


The name Gush Dan means "Dan Bloc", and is so named because the area was the territory of the tribe of Dan in the ancient Kingdom of Israel. According to the biblical narrative, the tribe had originally tried to settle in the central coastal area of Canaan, but due to enmity with the Philistines who had already settled there, were only able to camp in the hill country overlooking the Sorek Valley. The camp location became known as Mahaneh Dan ("Camps of Dan"). The region they attempted to settle included the area as far north as Joppa and as far south as Shephelah in the area of Timnah. As a result of the pressure from the Philistines, the tribe abandoned hopes of settling near the central coast, instead migrating to the north of the country. After conquering Laish, the tribe refounded it as their capital and renamed it Dan. As a result, the region is referred to as Gush Dan.


Business districts

Shopping centers


The Ayalon Highway separates Tel Aviv and Ramat Gan

The Dan Bus Company is primarily focused on serving the Gush Dan, although it is being replaced by the Kavim company in many of the Gush Dan's cities. Much of Israel's national highway network feeds into the area, such as Highway 1, Highway 2, Highway 4, and Highway 5. Gush Dan is also served by the local Ayalon Highway. Israel Railways, the state owned, national rail network provider, also feeds most traffic into or within the Gush Dan region. The Tel Aviv Light Rail, currently under construction, will also be a major feature in the regions future transport, as will thehigh speed service to Jerusalem

Major highways

Some of the major freeways/expressways carrying commuter traffic in and out of the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area are:

  • Highway 20 (also called Ayalon Freeway) - a major intracity freeway in Gush Dan, which runs along Tel Aviv's center eastern border from north to south.
  • Highway 1 - connects Tel Aviv with Jerusalem.
  • Highway 2 (also called The Coastal Highway) - stretches from Tel Aviv to Haifa. It is one of the busiest highways in Israel.
  • Highway 4 (also called Geha Highway, or First President Road - a major North-South highway connecting Ra'anana and Kfar Saba in the North to Petah Tiqva and Ramat Gan in the centre and Ashdod in the South.
  • Highway 5 - connects the Mediterranean coast immediately north of Tel Aviv with the central Sharon plain and Ariel and other Israeli settlements in the northern West Bank.
  • Highway 44 - connects Tel Aviv with Ramla, Lod and the Shefela.
  • Highway 6 - a new North-South tollway running east of Gush Dan from Galilee in the north to Beer Sheva in the south.


Skyline of the Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area taken from the Azrieli Center
Skyline of Tel Aviv taken from the Azrieli Center

See also

  • List of cities in Israel


Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Tel Aviv Metropolitan Area. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

Coordinates: 32°2′N 34°46′E / 32.033°N 34.767°E / 32.033; 34.767