Robert Horton Gundry is an American New Testament scholar and Westmont College's Scholar-in-Residence. He received his Ph.D. from Manchester University in 1961 and taught for several decades at Westmont College in California.

In 1973 Gundry published The Church and the Tribulation: A Biblical Examination of Posttribulationism. This outstanding piece of scholarship still stands as one of the best works on the End Times and the return of Christ. In 1977 he followed up with another book addressing the controversy regarding the timing of the Second Coming when he published First the Antichrist: Why Christ Won't Come Before The Antichrist Does.

In 1982 he published Matthew: A Commentary on His Literary and Theological Art analyzing the Gospel of Matthew. Gundry used redaction criticism in his work. He thus argued that Matthew adapted the story of Jesus to appeal to the intended audience. Especially problematic was Gundry's assertion that Matthew made ahistorical additions to the infancy story in Matthew 1 and 2.

This sparked a major of controversy in the ETS. Gundry contended his work did not question the inerrancy of Matthew. Rather he argued that the Bible was never meant to be a work of history and that the religious content contains no errors. Gundry's view was supported by a significant portion of the ETS. The Society's executive looked into the matter and at first cleared Gundry. However a campaign against Gundry was launched, spearheaded by Norman Geisler. This campaign succeeded and in December 1983 Gundry was expelled from the ETS.

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