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<center><div style="color:#000; background-color:#f1c822; border: 1px solid #000; padding:5px;">'''Theravada Buddhism'''</div></center>
 
<center><div style="color:#000; background-color:#f1c822; border: 1px solid #000; padding:5px;">'''Theravada Buddhism'''</div></center>
 
<center><div style="color:#000; background-color:#F5DEB3; border: 1px solid #000; padding:5px;">'''Theravada''' ([[Pāli]]: थेरवाद ''theravāda'' (cf [[Sanskrit language|Sanskrit]]: स्थविरवाद ''[[sthaviravada|sthaviravāda]]''); literally, "the Teaching of the Elders" or "the Ancient Teaching", is the oldest surviving [[Buddhist]] school. It was founded in [[India]]. It is relatively conservative, and generally closest to early Buddhism,<ref>Gethin, ''Foundations'', page 1</ref> and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of [[Sri Lanka]] (about 70% of the population<ref>{{cite web | date = | url =
 
<center><div style="color:#000; background-color:#F5DEB3; border: 1px solid #000; padding:5px;">'''Theravada''' ([[Pāli]]: थेरवाद ''theravāda'' (cf [[Sanskrit language|Sanskrit]]: स्थविरवाद ''[[sthaviravada|sthaviravāda]]''); literally, "the Teaching of the Elders" or "the Ancient Teaching", is the oldest surviving [[Buddhist]] school. It was founded in [[India]]. It is relatively conservative, and generally closest to early Buddhism,<ref>Gethin, ''Foundations'', page 1</ref> and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of [[Sri Lanka]] (about 70% of the population<ref>{{cite web | date = | url =
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html | title = The World Factbook: Sri Lanka | work = CIA World Factbook | accessdate = 2006-08-12 }}.</ref>) and most of continental [[Southeast Asia]] ([[Buddhism in Cambodia|Cambodia]], [[Buddhism in Laos|Laos]], [[Buddhism in Burma|Burma]], [[Buddhism in Thailand|Thailand]]). Theravada is also practiced by minorities in parts of southwest [[Buddhism in China|China]] (by the [[Shan]] and [[Tai]] ethnic groups), [[Buddhism in Vietnam|Vietnam]] (by the [[Khmer Krom]]), [[Bangladesh]] (by the ethnic groups of [[Barua]]s, [[Chakma]], and [[Magh people|Magh]]), [[Buddhism in Malaysia|Malaysia]] and [[Buddhism in Indonesia|Indonesia]], while recently gaining popularity in [[Buddhism in Singapore|Singapore]] and the [[Western World]]. Today Theravada Buddhists number over 100 million worldwide, and in recent decades Theravada has begun to take root in the West and in the [[History of Buddhism in India#Revival of Buddhism in India|Buddhist revival in India]].<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/Na/Na_630.html#3875 Adherants.com] - See the citations under 'Theravada Buddhism - World'</ref></div></center>
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https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html | title = The World Factbook: Sri Lanka | work = CIA World Factbook | accessdate = 2006-08-12 }}.</ref>) and most of continental [[Southeast Asia]] ([[Buddhism in Cambodia|Cambodia]], [[Buddhism in Laos|Laos]], [[Buddhism in Burma|Burma]], [[Buddhism in Thailand|Thailand]]). Theravada is also practiced by minorities in parts of southwest [[Buddhism in China|China]] (by the [[Shan]] and [[Tai]] ethnic groups), [[Buddhism in Vietnam|Vietnam]] (by the [[Khmer Krom]]), [[Bangladesh]] (by the ethnic groups of [[Barua]]s, [[Chakma]], and [[Magh people|Magh]]), [[Buddhism in Malaysia|Malaysia]] and [[Buddhism in Indonesia|Indonesia]], while recently gaining popularity in [[Buddhism in Singapore|Singapore]] and the [[Western World]]. Today Theravada Buddhists number over 100 million worldwide, and in recent decades Theravada has begun to take root in the West and in the [[History of Buddhism in India#Revival of Buddhism in India|Buddhist revival in India]].<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/Na/Na_630.html#3875 Adherants.com] - See the citations under 'Theravada Buddhism - World'</ref>
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[[Category:Buddhism]]

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Theravada Buddhism
Theravada (Pāli: थेरवाद theravāda (cf Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda); literally, "the Teaching of the Elders" or "the Ancient Teaching", is the oldest surviving Buddhist school. It was founded in India. It is relatively conservative, and generally closest to early Buddhism,[1] and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[2]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Burma, Thailand). Theravada is also practiced by minorities in parts of southwest China (by the Shan and Tai ethnic groups), Vietnam (by the Khmer Krom), Bangladesh (by the ethnic groups of Baruas, Chakma, and Magh), Malaysia and Indonesia, while recently gaining popularity in Singapore and the Western World. Today Theravada Buddhists number over 100 million worldwide, and in recent decades Theravada has begun to take root in the West and in the Buddhist revival in India.[3]


  1. Gethin, Foundations, page 1
  2. "The World Factbook: Sri Lanka". CIA World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html. Retrieved 2006-08-12. .
  3. Adherants.com - See the citations under 'Theravada Buddhism - World'

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