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<center><div style="color:#000; background-color:#f1c822; border: 1px solid #000; padding:5px;">'''Theravada Buddhism'''</div></center>
 
<center><div style="color:#000; background-color:#F5DEB3; border: 1px solid #000; padding:5px;">'''Theravada''' ([[Pāli]]: थेरवाद ''theravāda'' (cf [[Sanskrit language|Sanskrit]]: स्थविरवाद ''[[sthaviravada|sthaviravāda]]''); literally, "the Teaching of the Elders" or "the Ancient Teaching", is the oldest surviving [[Buddhist]] school. It was founded in [[India]]. It is relatively conservative, and generally closest to early Buddhism,<ref>Gethin, ''Foundations'', page 1</ref> and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of [[Sri Lanka]] (about 70% of the population<ref>{{cite web | date = | url =
 
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ce.html | title = The World Factbook: Sri Lanka | work = CIA World Factbook | accessdate = 2006-08-12 }}.</ref>) and most of continental [[Southeast Asia]] ([[Buddhism in Cambodia|Cambodia]], [[Buddhism in Laos|Laos]], [[Buddhism in Burma|Burma]], [[Buddhism in Thailand|Thailand]]). Theravada is also practiced by minorities in parts of southwest [[Buddhism in China|China]] (by the [[Shan]] and [[Tai]] ethnic groups), [[Buddhism in Vietnam|Vietnam]] (by the [[Khmer Krom]]), [[Bangladesh]] (by the ethnic groups of [[Barua]]s, [[Chakma]], and [[Magh people|Magh]]), [[Buddhism in Malaysia|Malaysia]] and [[Buddhism in Indonesia|Indonesia]], while recently gaining popularity in [[Buddhism in Singapore|Singapore]] and the [[Western World]]. Today Theravada Buddhists number over 100 million worldwide, and in recent decades Theravada has begun to take root in the West and in the [[History of Buddhism in India#Revival of Buddhism in India|Buddhist revival in India]].<ref>[http://www.adherents.com/Na/Na_630.html#3875 Adherants.com] - See the citations under 'Theravada Buddhism - World'</ref></div></center>
 
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<youtube width="400" height="400">_ypJN4ZYRDo</youtube>
 
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<h3>Browse menu</h3></div>
 
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Revision as of 21:18, December 26, 2009

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