is a religion and a philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama
, commonly known as the Buddha
"the awakened one"). The Buddha lived and taught in the northeastern Indian subcontinent
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE.
He is recognized by adherents as an awakened
teacher who shared his insights to help sentient beings
, achieve nirvana
, and escape what is seen as a cycle of suffering and rebirth
. Buddhism is traditionally conceived as a path
of liberation attained through insight into the nature of the mind.