|Jewish and Israeli |
|Historical • Contemporary |
Piyyut • Zemirot • Nigun
Pizmonim • Baqashot
|Israeli • Klezmer • Sephardic • Mizrahi|
|Not Jewish in Form: |
Classical • Mainstream and Jazz
|Israeli Folk Dancing • Ballet |
Horah • Hava Nagila • Yemenite dance
|Hatikvah • Jerusalem of Gold|
|Adon Olam • Geshem • Lekhah Dodi|
Ma'oz Tzur • Yedid Nefesh • Yigdal
|Music for Holidays|
|Hanukkah • Passover • Shabbat|
|Music of the Haggadah|
|Ma Nishtana • Dayenu • Adir Hu|
Chad Gadya • Echad Mi Yodea
|Music of Hanukkah|
|Blessings • Oh Chanukah • Dreidel Song|
|Al Hanisim • Mi Y'malel • Ner Li|
Songs of the main part of the Seder
While most songs are in the second half after dinner, "Ma Nishtanah" and "Dayenu" are sung during the main part of the seder before the meal, called the "Maggid" of the seder. This part of the seder devoted to telling the story of the Exodus.
"Ma Nishtanah" or the "Four Questions" in English, is the four questions sung at the Passover seder by the youngest child at the table who is able. The questions are asked as part of the haggadah, after the Yachatz (יחץ), as part of the Maggid (מגיד).
"Dayenu" is a Hebrew song, traditionally sung during the celebration of Passover. The word itself essentially means "It would have been enough for us." "Day" being the Hebrew word for "enough" and the suffix "enu" meaning "our".
The song goes through a series of gifts believed granted by God to the Israelites (such as Torah or Shabbat), proclaiming that any of them alone would have been sufficient, to express greater appreciation for them as a whole.
It is 15 verses long, sequentially recounting each divine intervention in the story of the Exodus. After each divine act, the chorus "(if God had done only this) it would have been enough for us" is sung.
Songs of the Nirtzah
The following are traditionally sung in the Nirtzah, the last of the 15 subdivisions of the feast, devoted exclusively to singing.
"Adir Hu"(English: Mighty is He, Hebrew אדיר הוּא) is a hymn sung by Jews worldwide at the Passover Seder. It switches rapidly between saying the virtues of God in an alphabet format (Aleph, Bet, Gimmel,...), and expressing hope that God will "rebuild the Holy Temple speedily." Most of the virtues of God are adjectives (for instance, Holy (Kadosh) is he); however, a few are nouns. (Lord is he).
Adir Hu is sung towards the end of the Seder, and is used by many families to conclude it. The traditional melody is a bouncy, major one. Other melodies, however, have been composed for the alphabetical song.
"Chad Gadya" ("One Kid" 'i.e., baby goat]) is an Aramaic song describing the food chain from a goat, through a dog, an ox, fire, water, and the angel of death, all the way up to God.
Echad Mi Yodea
"Echad Mi Yodea", (Who Knows One?), a Hebrew song. Starting at one and going up to thirteen, each verse describes a different religious or worldly concept associated with its number. For example, the fifth verse is about the five books of Moses whereas the ninth verse describes the nine months of pregnancy. After singing each new verse, all the preceding verses are repeated in decreasing order back down to one. The pattern is similar to the Christian songs Green Grow the Rushes, O (which was originally written in Hebrew) or The Twelve Days of Christmas.
"Eliyahu HaNavi", in English, Elijah the Prophet is A Hebrew song entreating the prophet Elijah, an invited guest at the Passover meal, to return soon with the Messiah. This song is also part of the traditional Saturday night Havdalah service.
Bim'hera v'yameinu yavoh eleinu,
In haste and in our days may he come to us
This is often sung at the opening of the door for Elijah, upon pouring the fourth cup.
"Hatikva" ("The Hope"), the Israeli national anthem, is often sung at the seder. It is found at the back of many haggadahs, though is not formally part of the sedar. Hatikvah is about the hope of returning to Israel, much like the Haggadah's story of the Exodus of Egypt into the Promised Land, and much like the concluding song of the seder, "L'Shana habah bi'Yerushalayim" (see below).
"L'Shana haba bi'Yerushalayim" is sung at the end of the seder, and is the last line of the haggadah. The whole line means "Next year in Jerusalem!"
- Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Passover songs. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.