Papal conclave of May 5 to May 7, 1342 – the papal conclave convened after the death of Pope Benedict XII, it elected Cardinal Pierre Roger, who under the name of Clement VI became the fourth Pope of the period of Avignon Papacy.
Pope Benedict XII died at Avignon on April 25, 1342. At the time of his death, there were nineteen Cardinals in the Sacred College, of whom seventeen participated in the subsequent conclave:
|Pierre Desprès||Bishop of Palestrina||December 20, 1320||John XXII||Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals; Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church|
|Bertrand du Pouget||Bishop of Ostia e Velletri||December 17, 1316||John XXII|
|Jean-Raymond de Comminges||Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina||December 18, 1327||John XXII|
|Annibaldo di Ceccano||Bishop of Frascati||December 18, 1327||John XXII|
|Pedro Gómez de Barroso||Bishop of Sabina||December 18, 1327||John XXII|
|Imbert Dupuis||Priest of SS. XII Apostoli||December 18, 1327||John XXII||Protopriest and Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals|
|Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord||Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli||May 25, 1331||John XXII||Cardinal-protector of the Order of Franciscans|
|Pierre Bertrand||Priest of S. Clemente||December 20, 1331||John XXII|
|Gozzio Battaglia||Priest of S. Prisca||December 18, 1338||Benedict XII|
|Bertrand de Déaulx||Priest of S. Marco||December 18, 1338||Benedict XII|
|Pierre Roger, O.S.B.||Priest of SS. Nereo ed Achilleo||December 18, 1338||Benedict XII||Elected Pope Clement VI|
|Guillaume Court, O.Cist.||Priest of SS. IV Coronati||December 18, 1338||Benedict XII|
|Bernard d’Albi||Priest of S. Ciriaco alle Terme||December 18, 1338||Benedict XII|
|Guillaume d'Aure, O.S.B.||Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio||January 1339||Benedict XII|
|Raymond Guillaume des Farges||Deacon of S. Maria Nuova||1310, December 19||Clement V||Protodeacon of the Sacred College Cardinals|
|Gaillard de la Mothe||Deacon of S. Lucia in Silice||December 17, 1316||John XXII|
|Giovanni Colonna||Deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria||December 18, 1327||John XXII|
Ten electors were creatures of John XXII, six of Benedict XII and one of Clement V. Thirteen of them were French, three Italians and one Spaniard.
Two French Cardinals, both elevated by John XXII, did not participate in this conclave:
|Gauscelin de Jean||Bishop of Albano||December 17, 1316||John XXII (Cardinal-nephew)||Grand penitentiary|
|Bertrand de Montfavez||Deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro||December 17, 1316||John XXII||Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran Basilica|
The election of Pope Clement VI
The conclave started on May 5 and lasted only two days. On May 7 Cardinal Pierre Roger, former Chancellor of the Kingdom of France, was unanimously elected Pope, "by divine inspiration alone", as reported shortly thereafter Cardinals des Farges and Ceccano. Elect took the name of Clement VI. On May 19 new Pope was crowned in the church of the Dominicans in Avignon by Raymond Guillaume des Farges, protodeacon of S. Maria Nuova..
Shortly after the death of Benedict XII king Philip VI of France sent to Avignon his eldest son with the task to support the candidature of Cardinal Roger, but when he arrived, the election had been already accomplished with the result expected by the king.
- Salvador Miranda Conclave of 1342.
- Notes according to the biographical entries of the respective cardinals on The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: consistories of XIV Century by Salvador Miranda
- Niccolò del Re, La Curia romana: lineamenti storico giuridici, Città del Vaticano, 1998, p. 296
- G. Mollat, p. 37
- S. Miranda: Cardinal Pierre Roger (Pope Clement VI)
- List of participants of the conclave of 1342 by Salvador Miranda
- G. Mollat The Popes at Avignon 1305-1378, London 1963
- (French) Wrigley, J.E. 1982. "The Conclave and the Electors of 1342". Archivum Historiae Pontificiae Roma, 20: 51-81.