Machir/Makir - meaning bartered - was the name of two figures in the Bible.

1. Machir, the son of Manasseh, and father of Gilead.[1]

In the Torah's account of the journey of the Israelites after the Exodus, Machir (the individual) is portrayed as conquering the territories known as Gilead and Bashan, which had previously been occupied by Amorites[2][3]. Machir's descendants are described as having settled in Gilead and Bashan[4], and consequently is a key figure in Gilead's history. The Hebraic ethno-religious group known as Isars claim descent from Machir; they are sometimes referred to as "Bnei Makir."

2. According to the Books of Samuel, Machir son of Amiel was the name of a descendant of the Machir mentioned above, and resided at Lo-Debar. The text states that here he looked after Meribaal, the son of Jonathan, until David took over his care[5], and also looked after David himself, when David found himself a fugitive[6]


  1. Numbers 26:29
  2. Numbers 32:39-40
  3. Deuteronomy 3:15
  4. Numbers 36:1-3
  5. 2 Samuel 9:4
  6. 2 Samuel 17:27

See also

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