This is a very incomplete list of papal bulls by the year in which they were issued.

Year Bull Issuer Description
1059 In Nomine Domini ("In the name of the Lord") Nicholas II Establishing cardinal-bishops as the sole electors of the pope[1]
1079 Libertas ecclesiae ("The liberty of the Church") Gregory VII
1079 Antiqua sanctorum patrum Gregory VII Granted the church of Lyon primacy over the churches of Gaul
c. 1120 Sicut Judaeis ("Thus to the Jews") Callixtus II Provides protection for the Jews who suffered from the hands of the participants in the First Crusade.[2]
1136 (July 7) Ex commisso nobis Innocent II Bull of Gniezno
1139 (March 29) Omne Datum Optimum Innocent II Endorses the Knights Templar.
1144 Milites Templi ("Soldiers of the Temple") Celestine II Provides clergy protection to the Knights Templar and encourages contributions to their cause.
1145 Militia Dei ("Soldiers of God") Eugene III Allows the Knights Templar to take tithes and burial fees and to bury their dead in their own cemeteries.
1145 (December 1) Quantum praedecessores ("How much did our predecessors") Eugene III Calls for the Second Crusade.
1155 Laudabiliter ("Laudably") Adrian IV Gives the English King Henry II lordship over Ireland.
1179 Manifestis Probatum Alexander III Recognition of the kingdom of Portugal and Afonso Henriques as the first king.[3]
1184 Ad Abolendam Lucius III Condemns heresy, and lists some punishments (though stops short of death).
1187 (October 29) Audita tremendi ("Hearing what terrible...") Gregory VIII Calls for the Third Crusade.
1192 Cum universi Celestine III
1198 Post Miserabile Innocent III Calls for the Fourth Crusade.[4]
1199 (February 19) Vergentis in senium Innocent III Assigns the uniform of a white tunic with a black cross to the Teutonic Knights.
1205 Etsi non displaceat Innocent III
1213 Quia maior Innocent III Calls for the Fifth Crusade.
1216 (December) Religiosam vitam ("The religious life") Honorius III Established the Dominican Order
1218 In generali concilio Honorius III
1219 Super speculam Honorius III
1223 (November 29) Solet annuere Honorius III Approves the Rule of St. Francis.
1228 Fraternitatis tuae Gregory IX Miracle of Alatri.
1230 Quo elongati Gregory IX Conflict over the testament of the holy Francis of Assisi.
1231 (April 13) Parens scientarum ("The Mother of Sciences") Gregory IX Guarantees the independence of the University of Paris.
1232 (February 8) Ille humani generis Gregory IX
1233 (June 13) Vox Rama ("A voice in Ramah..") Gregory IX Condemns Satanic meetings held in Germany. It warns that Satan in these meetings can appear in form of animals like black cats, gooses, toads or like a thin, pale man.[5]
1233 Etsi Judaeorum Gregory IX
1233 Licet ad capiendos Gregory IX
1234 Pietati proximum Gregory IX Confirms Germans Orders rule of Kulmerland
1234 Rex pacificus Gregory IX Announcement of the Liber Extra, the collection of papal decretes
1235 Cum hora undecima ("Since the eleventh hour") Gregory IX First bull authorizing pagan friars to preach to pagan nations[6]
1239 Si vera sunt ("If they are true") Gregory IX
1244 Impia judeorum perfidia Innocent IV Call to burn the Talmud
1245 Inter alia desiderabilia Innocent IV Charges against Sancho II of Portugal
1245 (March 5) Dei patris immensa ("God the Father's immense...") Innocent IV Exposition of the Christian faith, and urged Mongols to accept baptism[7]
1245 (March 13) Cum non solum ("With not only...") Innocent IV Appeal to the Mongols to desist from attacking Christians and other nations, and an enquiry as to their future intentions.[7] Innocent expresses desire for peace (possibly unaware that in the Mongol vocabulary, "peace" is a synonym for "subjection")[8]
1245 (late March) Cum simus super Innocent IV Letter addressed to multiple prelates and 'Christians of the East' which affirmed the primacy of the Roman Church and urged ecclesiastical unity[9]
1247 Lachrymabilem Judaeorum Innocent IV
1248 (November 22) Viam agnoscere veritatis Innocent IV Letter addressed to Baiju, king of the Mongols, in response to his embassy.
1252 (May 15) Ad exstirpanda ("For the elimination") Innocent IV Authorizes the use of torture for eliciting confessions from heretics during the Inquisition and executing relapsed heretics by burning them alive.
1254 (October 6) Querentes in agro Innocent IV
1263/1264 Exultavit cor nostrum ("Our heart has rejoiced") Urban IV Letter from Urban to Hulagu, discussing the arrival of Hulagu's (uncredentialed) envoy John the Hungarian, cautiously welcoming, and announcing that William II of Agen, Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, would be investigating further.[10]
1264  ? Urban IV Discussion of the Egyptian threat (no mention of Mongols)[10]
1267 Turbato corde Clement IV
1274 Ubi Periculum ("Where there is danger") Gregory X
1296 (January 20) Redemptor mundi ("Redeemer of the world") Boniface VIII Named James II of Aragon as standardbearer, captain-general, and admiral of the Roman Church.
1296 (February 25) Clericis Laicos ("Lay clerics") Boniface VIII Excommunicates all members of the clergy who, without authorization from the Holy See, pay to laymen any part of their income or the revenue of the Church, and all rulers who receive such payments.
1297 Super rege et regina ("About king and queen") Boniface VIII Bestowed on James II of Aragon the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica.
1299 (27 June) Scimus, Fili ("We know, my son") Boniface VIII Declared King Edward I of England's occupation of Scotland to be illegal.
1299 De Sepulturis Boniface VIII Prohibits the dismembering and boiling of the bodies so that the bones, separated from the flesh, may be carried for burial in their own countries.
1300 (22 February) Antiquorum fida relatio Boniface VIII Reinstates the Jubilee Years, granting indulgence during those years for those who fulfill various conditions
1302 (November 18) Unam Sanctam ("The One Holy") Boniface VIII Declares that there is no salvation outside the Church (Extra Ecclesiam nulla salus), and that the Church must remain united.
1307 (November 22) Pastoralis praeminentiæ Clement V Orders the arrest of the Knights Templar and the confiscation of their possessions.
1307 (23 July) Rex regnum Clement V Nominates seven Franciscans to act as papal suffragens in China[11]
1308 Fasciens misericordiam Clement V Sets out the procedure to prosecute the Knights Templar.
1308 (August 12) Regnans in coelis ("Reigning in heaven") Clement V Convenes the Council of Vienne to discuss the Knights Templar.
1310 (April 4) Alma mater ("A nurturing mother") Clement V Postpones the opening of the Council of Vienne until 1 Oct., 1311, on account of the investigation of the Templars that was not yet finished.
1312 (March 22) Vox in excelso ("A voice from on high") Clement V Disbands the Knights Templar.
1312 (May 2) Ad providam Clement V Grants the bulk of Templar property on to the Knights Hospitallers.
1312 (May 6) Considerantes dudum Clement V
1312 (May 16) Nuper in concilio Clement V
1312 (December 18) Licet dudum Clement V
1312 (December 31) Dudum in generali concilio Clement V
1313 (January 13) Licet pridem Clement V
1317 Sane Considerante John XXII
1318 (April 1) Redemptor noster ("Our redeemer") John XXII Withdrew the Mongol Ilkhan's dominions and 'India' from the archdiocese of Khanbaligh, transferring to a Dominican province
1323 Cum inter nonnullos John XXI Definition on the Poverty of Christ and the Apostles
1336 Benedictus Deus Benedict XII
1348 September 26 Quamvis Perfidiam Clement VI
1350 cum natura humana Clement VI
1425 Martin V Foundation of the Université Catholique de Louvain
1435 Sicut Dudum Eugene IV Forbidding the slavery of black natives in the Canary Islands by Spanish slave traders
1439 (July 6) Laetantur Coeli Eugene IV
1451 (January 7) Nicholas V Foundation of the University of Glasgow [1]
1452 (June 18) Dum diversas Nicholas V Authorizes Afonso V of Portugal to reduce any Muslims, pagans and other unbelievers to perpetual slavery.
1455 (January 8) Romanus Pontifex ("The Roman pontiff") Nicholas V Sanctifies the seizure of non-Christian lands discovered during the Age of Discovery and encourages the enslavement of natives.
1456 (June 20) Cum hiis superioribus annis and is titled "Bulla Turcorum" Calixtus III Announces the Fall of Constantinople and seeks funding for another crusade against the Turks.
1470 (April 19) Ineffabilis providentia ("Ineffable Providence") Paul II
1478 (November 1) Exigit sinceræ devotionis Sixtus IV Creates the Spanish Inquisition.
1481 (June 21) Aeterni regis Sixtus IV Confirms the Treaty of Alcáçovas.
1484 (December 5) Summis desiderantes Innocent VIII Condemns an alleged outbreak of witchcraft and heresy in the region of the Rhine River valley, and deputizes Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger as inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany.
1493 (May 4) Inter caetera ("Among the other") Alexander VI Divides the New World between Spain and Portugal.
1493 (June 25) Piis Fidelium Alexander VI Grants Spain vicarial power to appoint missionaries to the Indies.
1513 (December 19) Apostolici Regiminis Leo X Concerning immortality of the soul.
1514 Supernæ Leo X Declares that the cardinals in a body should come immediately after the pope and precede all others in the church.
1520 (June 15) Exsurge Domine ("Arise, O Lord") Leo X Demands that Martin Luther retract 41 of his 95 theses, as well as other specified errors, within sixty days of its publication in neighbouring regions to Saxony.
1521 (January 3) Decet Romanum Pontificem ("[It] befits [the] Roman Pontiff") Leo X Excommunicates Martin Luther.
1537 (May 29) Sublimus Dei Paul III Forbids the enslavement of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
1540 (September 27) Regimini militantis ecclesiae ("To the Government of the Church Militant") Paul III Approves the formation of the Society of Jesus.
1543 (March 14) Injunctum nobis Paul III
1550 (July 21) Exposcit debitum ("The Duty demands") Julius III Second and final approval of the Society of Jesus
1553 (April 28) Divina disponente clementia ("So predisposed by the divine clemency") Julius III Create Shimun VIII Yohannan Sulaqa the first patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church.
1555 (July 14) Cum nimis absurdum ("Since it is absurd") Paul IV Places religious and economic restrictions on Jews in the Papal States.
1559 (February 15) Cum ex apostolatus officio Paul IV Confirms that only Catholics can be elected Popes.
1564 (January 26) Benedictus Deus Pius IV Ratified all decrees and definitions of the Council of Trent.
1565 (January 17) Æquum reputamus Pius V
1570 (February 25) Regnans in Excelsis ("Ruling from on high) Pius V Declares Elizabeth I of England a heretic and releases her subjects from any allegiance to her.
1570 (July 14) Quo Primum Pius V Describes the method use to reform the Roman rite, promulgates the Missal of Pius V (Tridentine rite, and abrogates any other rite which cannot demonstrate two hundred year of continuous use
1582 (February 24) Inter gravissimas ("Among the most important") Gregory XIII Establishes the Gregorian calendar.
1586 (January) Coeli et terrae ("The heavens and the lands") Sixtus V condemned "judicial astrology" as superstitious.
1588 (February 11) Immensa Aeterni Dei Sixtus V
1653 (May 31) Cum occasione Innocent X Condemns 5 Jansenist propositions.
1665 Ad Sacram Alexander VII
1692 Romanum decet Pontificem Innocent XII Abolished the office of Cardinal-Nephew
1713 Unigenitus ("The only-begotten") Clement XI Condemns Jansenism.
1738 In eminenti apostolatus specula ("in the high watchtower of the Apostolate") Clement XII Bans Catholics from becoming Freemasons.
1773 Dominus ac Redemptor Noster ("Our Master and Redeemer") Clement XIV Permanently and irrevocably suppressing the Society of Jesus.
1814 Sollicitudo omnium ecclesiarum ("The care of all the churches") Pius VII Reestablishes the Society of Jesus.
1824 Quod divina sapientia ("what divine wisdom") Leo XII Restructures education in the Papal States under ecclesiastical supervision
1850 (September 29) Universalis Ecclesiae ("of the Universal Church") Pius IX Recreates the Roman Catholic hierarchy in England.
1866 (July 12) Reversurus ("to came back") Pius IX Extends to the Armenian Catholic Church the Western provisions about appointment of bishops
1868 (June 29) Aeterni Patris ("of the Eternal Father") Pius IX Summons First Vatican Council.
1869 (October 12) Apostolicæ Sedis Moderationi ("to the spirit of the Apostolic See") Pius IX Regulates the system of censures and reservations in the Catholic Church.
1871 Pastor aeternus ("The eternal shepherd") Pius IX Defines papal infallibility.
1880 (July 13) Dolemus inter alia ("Among other things, we lament") Leo XIII
1896 Apostolicae Curae ("of the Apostolic care") Leo XIII Declares all Anglican Holy Orders null and void.
1910 Quam singulari ("how special") Pius X Allows the admittance of Communion to children who have reached the age of reason (about seven years old).
1950 (November 1) Munificentissimus Deus ("The most bountiful God") Pius XII Defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
1961 (December 25) Humanae salutis ("of human salvation") John XXIII Summons Second Vatican Council.
1965 (November 18) Dei Verbum ("Word of God") Paul VI
1998 (November 29) Incarnationis mysterium ("The mystery of the Incarnation") John Paul II Indiction of the Great Jubilee of 2000

Also note In Coena Domini ("At the table of the Lord"), a recurrent papal bull issued annually between 1363 and 1770, at first on Holy Thursday, later on Easter Monday.


  1. Ehler, Sidney Z. and John B. Morrall, Church and State Through the Centuries , (Biblo-Moser, 1988), 23.
  2. Carroll, James, Constantine's sword: the church and the Jews, (Houghton Mifflin Co, 2002), 269-270.
  3. Linehan, Peter and Janet Laughland Nelson, The Medieval World, Vol.10, (Routledge, 2001), 524.
  4. Riley-Smith, Jonathan, The Crusades: a history, (Continuum International Publishing, 1987), 149.
  5. Russell, Jeffrey Burton (1972). Witchcraft in the Middle Ages. pp. 160–161. ISBN 9780801492891. 
  6. Jackson, p. 13
  7. 7.0 7.1 Jackson, p. 88
  8. Jackson, p. 90
  9. Jackson, pp. 93-94
  10. 10.0 10.1 Peter Jackson, Mongols and the West, p. 166
  11. Jackson, p. 258

1145: First formal Papal Bull of Crusade (‘Bulla cruciata’ - calling on France to restore the Holy Land to Christendom) issued by Eugenius III, together with ‘Quantum prædecessors’
1226: "Solet annuere" November 29, 1226 [Bull approving the Rule of St. Francis] Pope Honorius III
1247: Bull :Quae Honorem Conditoris Omnium (Whatever Is for the Honor of the Creator of All) October 1, 1247

External links

sl:Seznam papeških bul

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.