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The Patriarch of Antioch is one of the original patriarchs of Early Christianity, who presided over the bishops of Syria, Palestine, Armenia, Georgia and Mesopotamia.[1]

Patriarchs of Antioch

  1. Peter the Apostle (ca 37- ca 53)
  2. Evodius (ca 53-ca 69)
  3. Ignatius (ca 70-ca 107), who was martyred in the reign of Trajan. His seven non-canonical epistles are unique sources for the early Church
  4. Heron (107-127)
  5. Cornelius (127-154)
  6. Eros (154-169)
  7. Theophilus (ca 169- ca 182)
  8. Maximus I (182-191)
  9. Serapion (191-211)
  10. Ascelpiades the Confessor (211-220)
  11. Philetus (220-231)
  12. Zebinnus (231-237)
  13. Babylas the Martyr (237-ca 250), who,according to Nicephorus[2], was martyred in the reign of Decius.
  14. Fabius (253-256)
  15. Demetrius (ca 256—uncertain), who was taken captive by the Persians under Shapur
  16. Paul of Samosata (260-268) supported by Zenobia, deposed by Emperor Aurelian; in Paul's time Lucian was head of the Antiochene catechetical school[3]
  17. Domnus I (268/9-273/4) supported by Emperor Aurelian
  18. Timaeus (273/4-282)
  19. Cyril I (283-303)
  20. Tyrannus (304-314)
  21. Vitalis (314-320)
  22. Philogonus (320-323)
  23. Eustathius (324-330), formerly Bishop of Beroea, a steadfast opponent of Arianism; he was disposed in 327 and banished in 329. However, the adherents of the Nicene creed considered him the rightful bishop until his death.
  24. Paulinus (330, six months), formerly bishop of Tyre, Semi-Arian and friend of Eusebius of Caesarea
  25. Eulalius (331-332)
  26. Euphronius (332-333)
  27. Flacillus or Facellius (333-342), in whose time renovations were made to the great church of Antioch, according to Nicephorus.
  28. Stephanus I (342-344), Arian and opponent of Athanasius of Alexandria, deposed in 344.
  29. Leontius the Eunuch (344-358), Arian
  30. Eudoxius (358-359), formerly bishop of Germanicia, later (360-370) bishop of Constantinople, Homoian
  31. Annanios (359), immediately deposed
  32. Meletius (360—361), Semi-Arian, deposed in the reign of Valens for Homoiousian leanings

This deposition resulted in the Meletian Schism, which saw several groups and several claimants to the see of Antioch:


The Homoian group

  • Euzoius (361-378), supported by Emperor Valens
  • Dorotheos (378-381)


The Meletian group

The largest grouping, centred around the deposed bishop Meletius. It moved towards an acceptance of the Nicene creed and participated in the Council of Constantinople, but was not recognized by Alexandria or Rome:

  • Meletius (362-381), who attended the second Council of Constantinople.
  • Flavian I (381-404), he obtained the recognition of Alexandria and Rome in 399
  • Porphyrus (404-412)
  • Alexander (412-417), he ended the schism with the Eustathians in 415.


The Eustathian group

The followers of Eustathius, strictly adhering to the Nicene creed, elected the following bishops, who were recognized by bishops of Alexandria and Rome:

  • Paulinus (362-388)
  • Evagrius (388-393)

After his death the Eustathians did not elect another bishop. In 399 they lost the recognition of Alexandria and Rome, but remained in schism until 415.


The Apollonarist group

  • Vitalis (376-?), formerly a follower of Meletius, consecrated by Apollinaris of Laodicea

  • Theodotus (417-428)(alternately 420-429)
  • John I (428-442), condemned the First Council of Ephesus in the Nestorian controversy
  • Domnus II (442-449), deposed by the Second Council of Ephesus.
  • Maximus II (449-455), appointed by Emperor Theodosius II, accepted the Council of Chalcedon, deposed under unclear circumstances.
  • Basil of Antioch (456-458), Chalcedonian
  • Acacius of Antioch (458-461), Chalcedonian
  • Martyrius (461-469), Chalcedonian, deposed by general Zeno
  • Peter the Fuller (469/470-471), Non-Chalcedonian, appointed by general Zeno, deposed by Emperor Leo I
  • Julian (471-476), Chalcedonian, exiled by Peter the Fuller
  • Peter the Fuller (476), Non-Chalcedonian, restored by usurper Basiliscus, exiled by Emperor Zeno
  • John II Codonatus (476-477), Non-Chalcedonian, who held the see only three months and was exiled
  • Stephanus II (477–479), Chalcedonian
  • Callandion/Calandion (479-485), Chalcedonian, opposed the Henoticon, exiled by Zeno, replaced by Peter the Fuller
  • Peter the Fuller (485-488), Non-Chalcedonian, restored by Emperor Zeno and condemned the same year (485) by a synod at Rome
  • Palladius (488-498), Chalcedonian, accepted the Henoticon,
  • Flavian II (498-512), Chalcedonian, accepted the Henoticon, deposed by Emperor Anastasius I.
  • Severus (512-518), Non-Chalcedonian, appointed by Emperor Anatasius I, deposed by Emperor Justin I.
  • Paul the Jew (518-521), Chalcedonian
  • Euphrasius (521-528), Chalcedonian[4]
  • Ephrem of Amid (528-546), Chalcedonian

The Syriac Non-Chalcedonians recognized Severus as the legitimate Patriarch until his death in 538. In 544, Non-Chalcedonian leader Jacob Baradaeus consecrated Sergius of Tella as bishop of Antioch, opening the lasting schism between the Syrian Orthodox Church and the Byzantine Orthodox Church.

Later patriarchs

For later Patriarchs of Antioch, see:

References

  1. Walter Bauer, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, 2ed., 1979
  2. de Boor, Carl, ed. (1880). Nicephori Archiepiscopi Constantinopolitani Opuscula Historica. Teubner (Leipzig, repr. NY, Arno Press, 1975) pp.129-132. ISBN 0-405-07177-9.
  3. Suda On Line, Adler number: lambda, 685, retrieved 12/27/2008.
  4. | Evagrius of Antioch, Hist. Eccles. 4.5, "he was crushed in an earthquake that destroyed the city in the seventh year, tenth month of the reign of Justin." However, Evagrius' date was wrong. See footnote in reference

External links

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