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|Islam and other religions|
Islam is a monotheistic religion practiced by Muslims.
Main religious text: Qur'an
Main prophet: Muhammad
Number of global adherents: 1.3-1.7 billion (estimates vary, 2nd largest religion)
Islam is a religion that believes in 124,000 prophets of Allah who have essentially brought the same message of monotheism or Tauheed to mankind in different times in an evolutionary manner. Adam was the first Prophet and Mohammad is the last Prophet. Among other Prophets that are mentioned with great reverence are Abraham, Moses and Jesus.
The Holy text of Islam is the Quran which was revealed to the Prophet Mohammad .
The Successors of the Prophet
The Shia Muslims believe Imam Ali to be the spiritual successor of the Prophet Mohammad. They believe in Imamate instead of Khilafat. They believe in the supremacy of the Ahle bayayat who were the family of Prophet Mohammad. They included The Prophet's dauughter Fatima, her husband Ali and their children Hasan and Husain.Along with the Prophet these five personalities constitute the Holy Five or the Panjetan Pak
Imams (12) are:
- ‘Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib (600–661), also known as Amīru l-Mu'minīn "Commander of the Faithful" in Arabic and in Persian as Shāh-e Mardan "King of the People"
- Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī (625–669), also known as Al-Hasan al-Mujtaba
- Ḥusayn ibn ‘Alī (626–680), also known as Al-Husayn ash-Shaheed
- ‘Alī ibn Ḥusayn (658–713), also known as Ali Zayn-ul-'Abideen
- Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī (676–743), also known as Muhammad al-Bāqir
- Ja‘far ibn Muḥammad (703–765), also known as Ja'far aṣ-Ṣādiq
- Mūsá ibn Ja‘far (745–799), also known as Mūsá al-Kāżim
- ‘Alī ibn Mūsá (765–818), also known as Ali ar-Riża
- Muḥammad ibn ‘Alī (810–835), also known as Muḥammad al-Jawad and Muḥammad at-Taqi
- ‘Alī ibn Muḥammad (827–868), also known as ‘Alī al-Ḥādī and ‘Alī an-Naqī
- Ḥasan ibn ‘Alī (846–874), also known as Hasan al Askari
- Muḥammad ibn Ḥasan (868–?), also known as al-Hujjat ibn al-Ḥasan, Mahdī, Imāmu l-Aṣr
The Sunni Muslims believe in a system of Khilafat. The first four caliphs were called the "Khalifa-e-Rashida" or the Rightly guided Caliphs