|Ayaan Hirsi Ali|
November 13, 1969|
The Caged Virgin
|Influenced by||John Stuart Mill, Friedrich Hayek, Simone de Beauvoir, Karl Popper, Herman Philipse|
|Political party||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy|
Ayaan Hirsi Ali ( pronunciation (help·info); Somali: Ayaan Xirsi Cali; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan 13 November 1969 in Mogadishu, Somalia) is a Dutch intellectual, feminist activist, writer, and politician. She is the estranged daughter of the late Somali scholar, politician, and revolutionary opposition leader Hirsi Magan Isse, and they did not reconcile. She is a prominent critic of Islam, and her screenplay for Theo Van Gogh's movie Submission led to death threats. Since van Gogh's assassination by a Muslim extremist in 2004, she has lived in seclusion under the protection of Dutch authorities.
When she was eight, her family left Somalia for Saudi Arabia, then Ethiopia, and eventually settled in Kenya. She sought and obtained political asylum in the Netherlands in 1992, under circumstances that later became the center of a political controversy. In 2003 she was elected a member of the House of Representatives (the lower house of the Dutch parliament), representing the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD). A political crisis surrounding the potential stripping of her Dutch citizenship led to her resignation from the parliament, and led indirectly to the fall of the second Balkenende cabinet
She is currently a fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank, and has been living in the United States. In 2005, she was named by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.She has also received several awards including Norway's Human Rights Service's Bellwether of the Year Award, the Danish Freedom Prize, the Swedish Democracy Prize (awarded in 2005 by the Liberal Part, a party which has been advocating a firmer stand on issues of assimilation of immigrants and promoting resistance to Islam in recent years), and the Moral Courage Award for commitment to conflict resolution, ethics, and world citizenship. In 2006 she published her memoir, which appeared in English translation in 2007 titled Infidel . In a review posted on the summer reading list for the Middle East Strategy at the Harvard University website, Joshua Muravchik described the book as "simply a great work of literature," and compared her to novelist Joseph Conrad.
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Ayaan Hirsi Ali. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|